Folk wrestling is a generic term for traditional wrestling disciplines which may or may not be codified as a modern sport. Most human cultures have some sort of grappling style, and "folk wrestling" is a catch-all term for such styles.
Any list of ethnic or folk wrestling styles will be partial, but this is a brief alphabetical list of some styles with verifiable lineages.
- Pale Ancient Greek Wrestling, added to 18th Olympiad, 708 BC, as per Hippias of Elis ca. 400 BC.
- Backhold Wrestling, evolved in North England and Scotland in the 7th and 8th century. Competitions are currently held from May to October, at Highland and Border Games.
- Böke, traditional Mongolian wrestling, where a ground-touch loses.
- Catch-as-catch-can, Mid-nineteenth century US adult wrestling, begins standing.
- Cornish wrestling, from England, is a form of jacket wrestling.
- Cumberland wrestling
- Devonshire wrestling
- Glima, the national sport of Iceland, traces its history to the Vikings and the Norse.
- Inbuan is the traditional wrestling style of the Mizoram state of India.
- Iranian Wrestling
- Khmer Traditional Wrestling
- Lancashire wrestling.
- Lucha Canaria, native to Canary Islands, touching ground (non-foot) loses.
- Lucha Leonesa, native to the Spanish region of Leon, touching ground (non-foot) loses.
- Luta Livre, Brazilian style of wrestling.
- Pehlwani or Kushti is a form of wrestling from India.
- Penjang Gulat is a form of wrestling popular in rural Indonesia.
- Schwingen is the Swiss style of wrestling. It is considered to be one of the very old forms of wrestling.
- Shuaijiao: Chinese wrestling.
- Trinta: Upright wrestling from Moldova; it can also be practiced from the knees. It is still practiced in Moldova and Romania.
- Westmorland wrestling
- Yağlı güreş is Turkish "oil wrestling".
Ethnic Combat No Longer Folk Wrestling
These sports could be considered too popular or formal to still be considered "folk sports".These styles form a part of the international mainstream wrestling.
- Collegiate wrestling, the folkstyle of the United States.
- Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, emphasises on ground fighting and submissions.
- Greco-Roman wrestling
- Kodokan Judo, founded by Jigoro Kano in 1882.
- Shoot wrestling
- Vale tudo
Mistaken for folk wrestling
Some terms or phrases (such as "streetfight" in US English) may refer to unarmed combat but are not really folk sports, with recognized rules as used in competition. A partial list of these might include
- Dumog, a Filipino term for "brawling," sometimes used for Escrima grappling techniques